Alfred Bernhard Nobel was a Swedish chemist, industrialist, and the inventor of blasting gelatin who laid the foundations for world famous Nobel Prize with his substantive legacy. He was born in Stockholm on October 21, 1833. Following early education in Sweden and Russia, from 1850 to 1852, he traveled in Europe and America. By the age of 16, he was fluent in English, German, French, Swedish, and Russian, which benefited in his future inventions.
In October 1863, Alfred Nobel obtained his first patent on nitroglycerine (blasting oil) as an industrial explosive During this period producing liquid nitroglycerine (blasting oil) as an industrial explosive, he continued on his experiments and repeated researches and eventually turned it into a dough that can be kneaded. For this invention, Nobel obtained a patent for dynamite in Sweden, Great Britain, and the United States. In 1888, he developed smokeless dynamite for use of military gun shells, grenades, and other ammunition.