The antique automobiles shown in this booklet pane represent America's leading role in creating an economical and dependable method of transportation, free from the use of animals or rail. Manufacturers of these innovative vehicles drew from a broad spectrum of technologies, including the bicycle and buggy industries. The three major methods of propulsion--gasoline, electricity, and steam--favored by American automobile builders are represented in the collection. The Duryea, Haynes, and Winter automobiles were powered by gasoline, the Columbia by electricity, and the White by steam. The 1893 Duryea and 1894 Haynes vehicles were prototypes and never put into production. They demonstrated that American automobile technology had progressed to the point that a vehicle could be produced. The Columbia, Winton, and White were production models.