Edgar Allan Poe's life is a series of artistic successes intertwined with his inability to make a living. He dropped out of the University of Virginia after piling up gambling debts, left the U.S. Military Academy after a semester, left or was fired from a variety of editorial positions, and often antagonized those trying to help him. At the same time, he is credited with changing the concept of the short story from anecdote to art and developing the detective story and adding tremendous polish to the psychological thriller. He had an international influence on literature. Among his best-known short stories is The Murders in the Rue Morgue. His poems include The Raven and The Bells. His first book of poems was published in 1827. He continued writing until his untimely death in 1849.