Effects of alcoholism range from direct physiological impact on the individual to a more widespread effect on society in general. Estimates are that in this country one family in three is affected in some way by a drinking problem. While having an alcoholic parent may increase a child's risk of developing emotional or drinking problems later in life, it is not inevitable. Some studies in fact prove the opposite. The Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences estimates that alcoholism and alcohol abuse in the United States cost society between 40 billion and 60 billion dollars annually due to lost production, health and medical care, motor vehicle accidents, violent crime, and social programs. One third of all suicides and one third of all mental health disorders are believed to be associated with serious alcohol abuse.