Hattie Wyatt Caraway was the first woman elected to the U.S. Senate, serving from November 13, 1931 (following appointment to the position on the death of her husband) through January 3, 1945. Born in Bakerville, TN, she was graduated from Dickson (TN) Normal College in 1896 and moved to Jonesboro, AR. She followed her husband, Thaddeus H. Caraway, to the U.S. Senate on his death and was elected to the post in both 1932 and 1938. In the Senate, she served as chairwoman of the Committee on Enrolled Bills. Following her loss in the 1944 primary election, she served as a member of the U.S. Employees’ Compensation Commission from 1945-1946 and a member of the Employees’ Compensation Appeals Board from July 1946 until her death in 1950.